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          首页 鸿门宴课文翻译学教课件(修改)

          鸿门宴课文翻译学教课件(修改).ppt

          鸿门宴课文翻译学教课件(修改)

          简介:本文档为《鸿门宴课文翻译学教课件(修改)ppt?#32602;?#21487;适用于高等教育领域

          《鸿门宴》课文翻译理解课件制作:李亚权EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd理解翻译课文第一段EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd沛公军(于)霸上未得与项羽相见。驻军没有能跟军:名作动沛公左司马曹无伤使?#25628;?#20110;项羽曰:“沛公言于向……报告欲王(于)关中使子婴为相珍宝尽有之。”称王让作(他的)国相占有它EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd项羽大怒曰:“旦日飨士卒为(之)击破沛公军!”犒劳替我打败军队当是时项羽兵四十万在新丰鸿门沛公兵在这个。当:介?#35797;?#39547;扎在十万在霸上。?#23545;?#35828;项羽曰:“沛公?#30001;?#19996;?#26696;?#22312;函谷关以东地区EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd时贪于财货好美姬。今入关财物无所取妇贪图喜爱美女对财物取用财物:名作状表动作对象女无所幸此其志不在小。吾令人望其气皆为龙宠幸(表现)小处看过那里的?#30772;?#26159;形作名所幸:宠?#19994;?#20154;虎成五彩此天子气也。?#34987;?#21247;失!”(的样子)五彩颜色?#30772;?#36214;快攻打不要失去时机EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd第自然段中应注意的重点词语、句子:、“军霸上”、“王关?#23567;保?#20891;驻扎王称王。名词用作动词。、沛公?#30001;?#19996;时:在函谷关以东地区古今歧义。、财物无所取:对财物。名作状表动作对象、?#23545;?#35828;项羽曰?#21917;案鍱valuationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd理解翻译课文:第二段EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd楚左尹项伯者项羽季父也素善留侯张良。叔父平时与留侯张?#21152;?#22909;善:与……友好张良是时从沛公项伯乃夜驰之沛公军跟随于是连夜骑马到军营之动词私见张良具告(之)以事欲呼张?#21152;?之)私下会见具通俱全部。(以事具告之)?#23567;?#20197;事”作状语后置“之”代词代“张良?#31508;?#30053;句。EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd俱去曰:“毋从(之)俱死也。?#38381;?#33391;曰:“臣为韩王离开(刘邦)跟随?#36864;?#26367;送沛公沛公今事有急亡去不义不可护送(入关)情况危急逃亡离开是讲道义能不语。”良乃入具告沛公。沛公大惊曰:告诉就进去(将实情)告诉(沛公)“为之奈何?#38381;?#33391;曰:“谁为大王为此计者”怎么对付这件事替出计策。“奈何为之”为:对付主谓倒装“为大王为此计者谁”“者”语气助词。译为“替大王出这条计策的是谁”EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd曰:“鲰生说我曰:‘距关毋内诸侯秦地见识短浅的小子距通?#39336;?#23432;内通?#23665;幽?#21487;尽王也。’故听之。”良曰:“料大王士卒足以当秦国的地盘都可以由你称王估计足够用来抵挡王:称王名词作动词项王乎?”沛公默然曰:“固不如也。且为之沉默(?#25442;?#20799;)本来(人家)将奈?#21361;俊闭?#33391;曰:“请往谓项伯言沛公不敢背项王请?#24066;?#25105;去告诉背叛也。”沛公曰:“君安与项伯有故??#38381;?#33391;曰:“秦时交情故:形作名EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd(项伯)与臣游项伯杀人臣活之今事有急交往救了他。活:使动用法使……活救?#24066;?#26469;告良。”沛公曰:“孰与君少长”所以幸亏(他)告诉他跟你相?#20154;?#22823;谁小与君孰少孰长(宾语前置)良曰:“长于臣。”沛公曰:“君为我呼入?#21462;?#20110;在形容词后表比较(把他)喊EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd吾得兄事之。?#38381;?#33391;出要项伯。应该用对待兄长的礼节侍奉他要通邀邀请进?#35789;?侍奉名作动兄?#21512;?#23545;待兄长一样名作状。项伯即入见沛公。沛公奉卮酒为(之)寿立即奉上一杯酒给项伯祝福约为婚姻曰:“吾入关秋毫不敢有所近约定结为亲家(财物)丝毫据为己有近形作动接触沾染籍吏民封府库而待将军。登记官吏人民封闭以等待籍名作动给……登记造册。府库:收藏财物的官府仓库EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd所以遣将守关者备他?#26519;?#20986;入与?#27973;?#20063;。(我们)所以……者用在因果关?#26723;?#22797;句中所?#21592;?#21407;因的固定格式者表提顿。是为了防备其他盗贼进出和意外的变?#30465;?#20043;取消句子独立性日夜望将军至岂敢反乎!愿伯具言臣之不敢反叛希望(对项王)详细地说之取独倍德也。”项伯许诺谓沛公曰:“旦日忘记(他的)恩德答应(这件事)第二天倍通背背叛忘记。许诺同义复词答应不可不蚤自来谢(于)项王。”能蚤通早早些亲自道歉向EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd沛公曰:“诺。”于是项伯复?#35895;?#33267;军中是连夜回去军营?#30340;?#22768;?#31034;?#20197;沛公?#21592;?#39033;王因言曰:“沛公不先破话趁机劝说攻占?关中公岂敢入乎今人有大功而击之进来人?#21307;?#25915;不义也。不如因善遇之。”项王许诺。友好对待EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd第自然段中应注意的重点词语、句子:、素善留侯张良:与……交好(友善)。形容词作动词用。、项伯乃夜驰之沛公军:驰骑马快奔之到动词。、具告(之)以事:具通俱全部应译为“以事具告之”“以事”作状语后置“之”代词代“张良?#31508;?#30053;句。EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd、为之奈?#21361;?#24212;译为“奈何为之”为:对?#23545;?#20040;对付这件事。、谁为大王为此计者:译为“替大王出这条计策的是谁”。“为大王为此计者谁”“者”语气助词。、距关毋内诸侯:距通?#39336;?#23432;内通?#23665;幽傘valuationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd、君安与项伯有故:交情形容词作名词。、与臣游项伯杀人臣活之:游交往活使……活使动用法。、孰与君少长:他跟你相?#20154;?#22823;谁小。“与君孰少孰长”宾语前置。EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd、吾得兄事之:“应该用对待兄长的礼节侍奉他?#31508;?侍奉兄?#21512;?#23545;待兄长一样名词作状语。、约为婚姻:亲家。古今歧义。、籍吏民封府库:籍名词作动词给……登记造册。、备他?#26519;?#20986;入与?#27973;?#20063;:?#27973;?#24847;外的变故之取消句子独立性。EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd、愿伯具言臣之不敢倍德也:倍通背背叛忘记。、旦日不可不蚤自来谢(于)项王:旦日第二天蚤通早早些。、不如因善遇之:友好对待EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd理解翻译课文第三段EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd沛公旦日?#24433;?#20313;骑来见项王至鸿门谢曰:带领人马道歉从使动用法使……跟随带领“?#21152;?#23558;军戮力而攻秦将军战(于)河北臣战合力而表修饰作战(于)?#24189;?#28982;不自意能先入关破秦得复见将军料想能够于此。今者有小人之言令将军与臣有郤……”现在流言郤通隙隔阂嫌怨者用在时间副词后凑足音节无实义EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd项王曰:?#25353;?#27803;公左司马曹无?#25628;?#20043;。不然?#26723;?#35805;之代曹的密报籍?#25105;?#33267;此”项王即日因留沛公与(之)饮。籍项羽的名,为什么会这样做当天就喝酒对人自称名表谦恭项王、项伯东向坐亚?#25913;?#21521;坐──亚父者面向东?#23545;?#20063;沛公北向坐张良西向侍。?#23545;?#38506;坐数目(于)项王举所佩玉多次向项王使眼色所指示代词目名作动使眼色起指代作用不译EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd以示之者三项王默然不应。而多次向项王示意默默地没有反应之代项王三:多次者表提顿?#23545;?#36215;出召项庄谓(之)曰:“君王起身出去叫来?为人不忍。若入前为寿寿毕待忍心(下手)你进去上前敬酒完毕请以剑舞因击沛公于坐杀之。请求用舞剑(助兴)趁机把沛公刺倒在坐位上(并)?不者若属皆且为(之)所虏!”庄则入为寿。否则都将被为……所……:表被动引进主动者者表提顿EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd寿毕曰:“君王与沛公饮军中无以为乐请以剑舞。”项王曰:“诺。”作为娱乐?项庄?#35859;?#36215;舞。项伯亦?#35859;?#36215;舞抽出起身舞剑常以身翼蔽沛公用自己的身体掩护。翼象鸟的翅膀一样名作状。庄不得击。(使)(始终)刺杀(刘邦)EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd第自然段中应注意的重点词语、句子:、沛公旦日?#24433;?#20313;骑来见项王:从使……跟随带领使动用法。骑人马动词用作名词。、将军战(于)河?#20445;?#40644;河?#21592;薄?#21476;今歧义。、令将军与臣有郤:郤通隙隔阂嫌怨、?#23545;?#25968;目(于)项王:使眼色名词作动词。EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd、若入前为寿:上前方位名词作动词。、不者若属皆且为(之)所虏:不通否否则为……所……:表被动引进主动者、常以身翼蔽沛公?#38402;?#35937;鸟的翅膀一样名词作状语。EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd帝王与臣下相对时帝王面南臣下面?#32972;?#24188;之间相对则长者东向幼者西向。宾主之间相对则为宾东向主西向宴席的四面座位以东向最尊次为南向再次为北向西向侍坐。鸿门宴?#23567;?#39033;王、项伯东向坐?#31508;亲?#19978;位?#23545;?#21335;向坐是第二位再?#38382;?#21016;邦张良则为侍坐?#24188;?#20301;可看出双方力量悬殊与项羽的自高自大。项羽、项伯东向坐。?#23545;?#21335;向坐是第二位再?#38382;?#21016;邦张良则为侍坐EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd理解翻译课文第四段EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd于是张良至军门见樊哙。樊哙曰:“今日之事何如”良曰:“甚急!今者项庄?#35859;?#33310;其意常在沛公也。”哙曰:?#25353;?#36843;矣!臣用意身上这太紧迫了?请入与之同命。”哙即带剑拥盾入军门。同他同生死拿着盾牌军营大门交戟之卫士欲止(之)不内。拿戟交叉着守卫军门的兵士阻止让他进去EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd樊哙侧其盾以撞卫?#31185;?于)地。哙遂入侧举一撞跌倒在地上就以连?#26102;?#25215;?#27704;?#25259;帷西向立瞋目视项王头发上指揭开帷幕瞪目看着向上竖起来目眦尽裂。项王按剑而跽曰:“客何为眼眶像全部要裂开握着跪直身体是干什么的而连?#26102;?#20462;饰?者?#38381;?#33391;曰:“沛公之参乘樊哙者也。”项王曰:是卫士EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd“壮士!──赐之卮酒。则与(之)斗卮酒。哙拜谢?#36864;?左?#19994;?#20154;)就一大杯起立而饮之。项王曰:?#25353;?#20043;彘肩。”?则与一生起身站着。而连?#26102;?#20462;饰猪腿彘肩。樊哙?#36130;?#30462;于地加彘肩(于其)把他的盾牌翻过来放在地上再把盾?上?#35859;?#20999;而啖之。“壮士!能复饮乎”切着吃而连?#26102;?#25215;接樊哙曰:“臣死且不避卮酒安足辞!尚且害?#30053;?#20040;?#26723;?#25512;辞避躲避害怕EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd夫秦王有虎?#20405;纳?#20154;如不能举一样的心肠惟恐杀完刑人如恐不胜天下皆叛之。处罚能用尽酷刑人背叛如好像惟?#20013;?#21517;作动施加肉刑怀王与诸将约曰:‘先破秦入咸阳者王之。’打败的人封他为王王之以之为王?今沛公先破秦入咸阳毫毛不敢有所近封闭宫室还军(于)霸上?#28304;?#22823;王来。故退军驻扎名作动在等待到来特意EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd遣将守关者备他盗出入与?#27973;?#20063;。是为了劳苦而功高如此未有封侯之赏而听细说像这样赏赐却小人的谗言?欲诛有功之人?#36865;?#31206;之续。这是已亡秦国的后续者窃为大王不取也!”项王未有以应(应该)采取(这种作法)没有话来?#21358;?#26352;:“坐。”樊哙从良坐。坐须臾沛公起挨着起身如厕因招樊哙出。?#20581;ぁぁぁぁぁ?#21435;趁机招呼(一起)离开EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd第自然段中应注意的重点词语、句子:、与之同命?#21644;?#29983;?#39304;!?#30603;目视项王头发上?#31119;?#30603;瞪目上向上名词作状语。、客何为者:这个客人是干什么的?“何为”应为“为何”疑问代词作宾语前置。、刑人如恐不胜:刑施加肉刑名词作动词。EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd、先破秦入咸阳者王之?#21644;?#20043;以之为王意动用法。、还军(于)霸上:驻扎名词作动词。EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd第二部分(段)宴会上。写鸿门宴上双方的尖锐斗争可谓是三起三落。一起:一落:二起:二落:三起:三落:?#23545;?#25968;目项王举所佩玉玦以示之者三项羽“默然不应”项庄舞剑意在沛公樊哙闯帐,怒斥项羽刘邦尿遁项伯以身翼蔽沛公、EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd理解翻译课文第五、六、七段EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd沛公已出项王使都尉陈平召沛公。招呼(回来)?沛公曰:“今者出未辞也为之奈何”樊哙曰:刚才离开告辞?#25353;?#34892;不顾细谨大礼不辞小让。做大事不必注意细枝末节行大礼节不必讲究小的谦让谨:行为让:责备?如今人方为?#39039;?#25105;为鱼肉现在别人正是?#35828;?#21644;砧板(砧板上的)?#26410;?#20026;”于是遂去。为什么告辞呢为:语气?#31034;虴valuationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd乃令张良留谢。良问曰:?#25353;?#29579;来叫留下(向项羽)告辞何操”曰:“我?#32844;阻?#19968;双欲献(于)项王来的时候带什么礼物定语后置句“一双?#38459;怠?#20309;操:操何宾语前置?玉斗一双欲与(于)亚父。会其怒不酒杯恰巧发怒敢献。公为我献之?#38381;?#33391;曰:“谨诺。”当是时替他?#20146;?#21629;好项王军在鸿门下沛公军霸上相去四十里。军?#24188;?#25166;隔EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd沛公则置车骑脱身独骑丢下?#30423;?#20154;马(从项羽的军营里)独自一人骑马独骑脱身?樊哙、夏侯婴、靳强、纪信等四人持剑盾步走?#35762;教?#36305;从郦山下道芷阳间?#23567;?#27803;公谓张良曰:脚下取道从小路名词作状语?#25353;?#27492;?#20048;?#21566;军不过二十里耳。度我至军这条路估计?中公乃入。”才进去(见项王)EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd沛公已去间至军中张良入谢曰:“沛公不胜桮杓不能辞。谨使臣良奉禁不起多喝酒(前来)恭敬地叫奉上??#38459;?#19968;双再拜献大王足下玉斗一双再拜奉行两拜礼足下:称人的敬词大将军?足下。”项王曰:“沛公安在”良曰:?#25300;?#22823;在哪里宾语前置句王有意督过之脱身独骑已至军矣。”责备他(的过失)EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd项王则受璧置之(于)坐上。亚父受玉斗置之就把它放在坐位?(于)地?#35859;?#25758;而破之曰:“唉!竖子不足击得粉碎这小子?#26723;?#30772;:使动用法使……破与(之)谋!夺项王天下者必沛公也。吾属今共事一定是为之虏矣!?#26412;?#35201;被他俘虏了。为:被表被动。沛公至军立诛杀曹无伤。立即杀掉EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd第自然段中应注意的重点词语、句子:、大行不顾细谨大礼不辞小让。(做)大事不必注意细枝末节(讲)大礼节不必讲究小的谦让。、如今人方为?#39039;?#25105;为鱼肉?#26410;?#20026;现在别人正是?#35828;?#21644;砧板我们是(砧板上的)鱼和肉为什么告辞呢、大王来何操来的时候带什么礼物?何操:操何宾语前置EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd、我?#32844;阻?#19968;双:定语后置句“一双?#38459;怠薄?#27146;哙、夏侯婴、靳强、纪信等四人持剑盾步走?#21644;讲教?#36305;、道芷阳间行:从小路名词作状语。、不胜杯杓:禁不起多喝酒、沛公安在在哪里宾语前置句、?#35859;?#25758;而破之:破:使……破使动用法。EvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtdEvaluationonlyCreatedwithAsposeSlidesforNETClientProfileCopyrightAsposePtyLtd

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